Rainfall across Georgia in February set a new record with a statewide average of 9.92 inches, alleviating the state’s drought conditions and recharging soil moisture just in time for the 2013 planting season.Georgia’s typical rainfall for February is about 4.5 inches, and the previous record rainfall for February was 8.73 inches, set back in 1939. The rainfall was primarily caused by a persistent stationary front draped across the central part of the state, funneling rainfall from one storm after another across the same area. Some areas in southwest Georgia received in excess of 20 inches during the month. While a few areas of the state experienced flooding, the excess rain was welcome in most parts of the state where it obliterated drought conditions. At the end of January, 82 percent of Georgia was experiencing severe drought conditions or worse. By the end of March, there was no severe drought left in Georgia. The last time Georgia experienced these kinds of river flow and soil moisture levels was in September 2010. The rain has provided a welcome reserve of soil moisture for farmers eager to start the growing season, although field work has been stymied by the wet soil conditions in many areas. Once the soil temperatures warm up and the chance of frost is past, there should be plenty of soil moisture available to allow for good germination. However, fungal diseases may be a concern, and water-breeding pests — like mosquitoes — are also likely to be more plentiful this year, as there is ample habitat for them to develop. Wet weather may delay planting by keeping soil coolTemperatures have bounced between markedly above and below normal for the past three months. Spring temperatures this year are markedly colder than last year. In some areas of the state, the temperature in March was colder than in January. The last time this happened, in Augusta for example, was 1960. The cooler temperatures have been beneficial for fruit producers who welcomed the additional chill hours. The swings in temperature are typical of a neutral pattern with no El Niño or La Niña present in the Pacific Ocean. Producers should keep in mind that in a neutral year, the chance for additional cold periods and a late frost are greater than usual. So planting should be undertaken with caution. Soil temperatures will warm up more slowly than usual with the wet conditions we have this year. Forecasts for summer temperatures continue to show an increased chance for warmer than usual conditions, but there’s no prediction as to whether the state’s wet weather will continue throughout the summer.
March 4, 2020 Associated Press Share This StoryFacebookTwitteremailPrintLinkedinRedditNo. 5 seed Southern Illinois (16-15, 10-8) vs. No. 4 seed Bradley (20-11, 11-7)Missouri Valley Conference Tourney Quarterfinals, Enterprise Center, St. Louis; Friday, 3:30 p.m. ESTBOTTOM LINE: Southern Illinois is set to meet Bradley in the quarterfinals of the MVC tournament. In the regular season, Bradley won both of the head-to-head matchups. The teams last played on Feb. 15, when the Braves shot 46.6 percent from the field while limiting Southern Illinois’s shooters to just 39.3 percent en route to a two-point victory. SAVVY VETERANS: Senior leadership could play a big role in the outcome of this game. Darrell Brown, Nate Kennell and Koch Bar have collectively scored 46 percent of Bradley’s points this season and 50 percent of the team’s points over its last five games. For Southern Illinois, Marcus Domask, Eric McGill and Lance Jones have collectively accounted for 54 percent of the team’s total scoring, including 62 percent of all Salukis points over their last five.KEY CONTRIBUTOR: Brown has made or assisted on 43 percent of all Bradley field goals over the last three games. Brown has accounted for 19 field goals and 16 assists in those games.WINLESS WHEN: Bradley is 0-7 this year when it scores 64 points or fewer and 20-4 when it scores at least 65.UNDEFEATED WHEN: The Braves are 10-0 when they hold opposing teams to 60 points or fewer and 10-11 when opponents exceed 60 points. The Salukis are 6-0 when at least four of their players score in double-figures and 10-15 on the year otherwise.DID YOU KNOW: Bradley has committed a turnover on just 17.9 percent of its possessions this season, which is the second-best rate among all MVC teams. The Braves have turned the ball over only 12 times per game this season and just eight times per game over their last three games. S. Illinois, Bradley meet in MVC quarters ___For more AP college basketball coverage: https://apnews.com/Collegebasketball and http://twitter.com/AP_Top25___This was generated by Automated Insights, http://www.automatedinsights.com/ap, using data from STATS LLC, https://www.stats.com
Penn State scientists have a story for how snakes, which presumably evolved from lizards, lost their legs. They had to burrow through tight places. Part of their story involved disproving that snakes evolved from sea-going reptiles, like mosasaurs, explains the press release from Penn State’s Eberly College of Science. They compared genes from 64 species of lizards and snakes. Since no mosasaurs exist today, they took genes from Komodo dragons, their assumed closest living relatives. They feel their comparisons show that snakes evolved from land-dwelling lizards. So why would a land lizard want to lose its feet? The research suggests an answer to another long-debated question: why snakes lost their limbs. Their land-based lifestyle, including burrowing underground at least some of the time, may be the reason. “Having limbs is a real problem if you need to fit through small openings underground, as anybody who has tried exploring in caves knows,” Hedges says. “Your body could fit through much smaller openings if you did not have the wide shoulders and pelvis that support your limbs.” The researchers note that the burrowing lifestyle of many other species, including legless lizards, is correlated with the complete loss of limbs or the evolution of very small limbs.The research, to be published in the May 7, 2004 issue of the Royal Society’s Biology Letters, was funded in part by NASA’s Astrobiology Institute and by the National Science Foundation.Better not explore caves if you want your kids to have legs. Why do some lizards still crawl into tight places tighter than a big snake could pass? Why do gophers and weasels have legs? Is limb loss really evolution? The quote of the month (see top right box on this page) says it all.(Visited 14 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Tags:#Bing#copyright#digital music#Google#PIPA#piracy#search#SOPA Frustrated and bitter that laws like SOPA and PIPA have yet to get pushed through Congress without those pesky constituents objecting to turning the U.S. government into muscle for entertainment industry, the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) is taking out its anger on Google. The music industry lobbying group is accusing the search engine giant of failing to effectively demote search results that lead people to those nasty little download sites.In a blog post on the RIAA site yesterday, Steven M. Marks, EVP & General Counsel, RIAA made it clear that the music copyright association thinks that Google, despite making some headway, remains a day late and a dollar short.“We recognize and appreciate that Google has undertaken some positive steps to address links to illegal music on its network,” said Steven M. Marks, the RIAA’s executive vice president and general counsel. “Unfortunately, our initial analysis concludes that so far Google’s pledge six months ago to demote pirate sites remains unfulfilled. Searches for popular music continue to yield results that emphasize illegal sites at the expense of legitimate services, which are often relegated to later pages. And Google’s auto-complete function continues to lead users to many of those same illicit sites.”(This isn’t the first time: see also RIAA Slams Google’s Anti-Piracy Efforts, Demands Even More Unreasonable Measures.)Testing The ClaimsI wanted to see if the RIAA might be overstating its concerns, something that they’ve been known to do before. So I performed a little one-man experiment, using the song “Some Nights” by Fun. as the guinea pig. Your mileage may vary, of course, but my quick-and-dirty test revealed that the RIAA may have some valid claims.A search for “Fun. album” returned a first, second, and third page of results that were absent of any results that would seem to contain illegal downloads, with the bottom of the third page containing three DMCA takedown notices that point to the Electronic Frontier Foundation’s ChillingEffects.org for more information.But down in the “Searches related to” section of all of the results pages, “fun. some nights download” was among the listings, and a click-through pulled in the plenty of links to aggregate MP3 download sites, mixed with a few legitimate sites, like iTunes (#3), Amazon (#7) and the official video on YouTube (#8).As for the RIAA’s claim that Google’s AutoComplete will suggest search terms that could lead users to sites containing unlicensed copies of songs, I found this was indeed true. By the time I typed “fun. some”, Google had filled in four results:fun. some nights fun. some nights lyrics fun. some nights meaning fun. some nights mp3On a whim, I turned on SafeSearch to see if that would make a difference. Results did differ on some search results, such as “fun. some nights download”, where legitimate sites (like the Wikipedia entry for the album) were moved up slightly on the first page of results, but the sketchy download sites were still in full-glory display.I should also note that the RIAA did not take Microsoft’s Bing service to task, even thought the same experiment on Bing yielded very similar results, even in the auto-complete results. Type in “fun. some” on the Bing home page and you get these helpful suggestions:fun. some nights lyricsfun. some nightsfun. some nights meaningfun. some nights torrentfun. some nights videofun. some nights album downloadfun. some nights mp3fun. some nights reviewSearch Engines As Police?Based on these (admittedly quick) search tests, it seems like the RIAA has a point, and Google is failing to block apparent pirate sites on its search results, and its demotion policy announced in August 2012 isn’t really working all that well, either.But let’s be clear: Google has said all along it wasn’t going to block site results from any site unless it receives a specific copyright removal request from the rights owner.“Only copyright holders know if something is authorized, and only courts can decide if a copyright has been infringed; Google cannot determine whether a particular webpage does or does not violate copyright law. So while this new signal will influence the ranking of some search results, we won’t be removing any pages from search results unless we receive a valid copyright removal notice from the rights owner,” senior vice president of engineering Amit Singhal wrote back in August.At the time, what Google said it would do was add a new signal to how it ranks search results.“Starting next week, we will begin taking into account a new signal in our rankings: the number of valid copyright removal notices we receive for any given site. Sites with high numbers of removal notices may appear lower in our results,” Singhal stated.The RIAA is contending in its statement this week that Google has failed to live up to that promise.One has to wonder, though, if trying to keep up with the sheer number of sites that provide access to unlicensed media content is comparable to spitting on a forest fire. If the signal for page ranking depends in some way on number of takedown attempts, perhaps the RIAA and other rights holders are not sending enough signals. Or maybe these sites know who to game other ranking signals to boost their status on Google and Bing search results.It is very easy to point fingers at Google and Bing and accuse them of not doing enough to keep people away from pirated media. If you forget, of course, that this not their job.Complaining about the auto-completing results would seem to be a more valid concern, until you remember that there could be legitimate results for “download X.”The RIAA wants to protect the rights of its artists and producers, a valid concern. But it is not clear at all that Google, Microsoft and the other search engines should be relied upon as key allies in the recording industry’s ongoing quest to stomp piracy. Search engines’ missions are to provide data, not analyze that data for legality.Despite what they’re asking for here, I suspect even the most vehement anti-piracy activists would not care for some of the implications of a world where search engines were to undertake that goal. Related Posts brian proffitt Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market
Anil Kumble’s Royal Challengers Bangalore will be the only IPL side in action in the Champions League Twenty20 tomorrow when it squares off against West Indian underdogs Guyana in the second of the two matches here.Kumble’s Bangalore, which made the Champions League after winning the third-place playoff of the IPL, will be the favourites against Ramnaresh Sarwan’s Guyana.In fact Sarwan is the only big name in Guyana, which replaces last year’s runners-up Trinidad and Tobago as the Caribbean flavour in the two-week tournament.Well aware of the enormity of the task ahead of him, Sarwan has said that the team is banking on talented youngsters such as pacer Devendra Bishoo and all-rounder Jonathan Foo to give Guyana an opportunity to surprise their rivals.Guyana’s passage to CLT20 wasn’t the easiest of affairs.Playing in the semi-final of the Caribbean T20 2010, they beat Trinidad and Tobago, the defending champions, in a closely contested match and then snatched victory after very nearly courting defeat against Barbados in the final.In contrast, Kumble’s Bangalore have established names such as Rahul Dravid, Jacques Kallis, Ross Taylor and Robin Uthappa in their batting line-up.On the bowling front, they have the pace of Dale Steyn and Praveen Kumar while Kumble himself leads the slower bowling department. All-rounder Cameron White adds variety to the team.In the other match of the day, South African domestic champions Highveld Lions, who sprung a major surprise by beating IPL runners-up Mumbai Indians in the tournament opener, will take on South Australian Red Backs.advertisementLed by Alviro Petersen the Lions will once again seek inspiration from their home crowd to create another upset.Although not as star-studded as Sachin Tendulkar’s Mumbai, the Red Backs have some in-form players such as Callum Ferguson, Daniel Harris and skipper Michael Klinger.Pacer Shaun Tait leads their bowling attack which also leg-spinner Cullen Bailey.For the Lions, Jonathan Vandiar was their top-performer with the bat against Mumbai making 71 against fine bowling attack that included established stars like Zaheer Khan, Lasith Malinga and Harbhajan Singh.The reliable Neil McKenzie would also be expected to carry on the form he showed while notching up an unbeaten 43-ball 56 yesterday.Against the formidable batting line-up of Mumbai, the Lions’ bowlers held their own rather well with Shane Burger picking up two wickets, that too of Tendulkar and the aggressive Kieron Pollard.
MOST READ Hotel management clarifies SEAG footballers’ kikiam breakfast issue Kyrie Irving led all scorers with 22 on 10-for-19 shooting for the Celtics, who scored a season-high 135 points one night earlier in a win over Indiana — but were held under 100 for only the fourth time all season, the first since Nov. 17.Irving went to the Heat practice court immediately after the game, shooting for about 30 minutes.“Just good to get some shots up, just release some stress a little bit after a tough loss,” Irving said.Marcus Smart scored 18, and Jayson Tatum and Marcus Morris each had 17 for the Celtics.Miami outscored Boston 17-4 in the final 3:07 of the first half and took a 61-43 lead into the break — the largest halftime edge for the Heat since November. And an 11-3 run to start the third pushed the lead out to 72-46, which would seem to indicate that Miami was in complete control.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Looks were deceiving.Boston scored the next 16 points, with Tatum getting six of them and the Celtics were right back in the game. Wade made a 3-pointer to stop the run, and scored eight points in the final 3:47 of the quarter as the Heat took an 83-72 lead into the final 12 minutes.Tyler Johnson got a pair of 3s to fall in a 67-second span early in the fourth, and just like that Miami was back up 95-76.“They really, really shot it and made big ones when we came back in the second half to stymie that,” Celtics coach Brad Stevens said. “But that’s a result of being comfortable all night.”TIP-INSCeltics: Boston trailed for 4:04 in its last four games, combined. It trailed for 4:14 in the first quarter alone Thursday. … Boston has now lost three straight to Miami, the first time that’s happened since 2012.Heat: It was Miami’s 400th consecutive home sellout. … Winslow wore “RIP Sammy Farkas” on his sneakers, a tribute to a Miami Beach teen who died in a fall earlier this week. … Jones made a 40-footer to end the first half, and had a 60-footer to end the third quarter hit the rim and bounce off. … James Johnson got rave reviews from teammates for dunking on Irving in the opening minutes. “Definitely nice,” Tyler Johnson said.HELLO, AGAINBoston and Miami didn’t play each other in 2018 — the last meeting between the clubs, before Thursday, came on Dec. 20, 2017. The Celtics played every other NBA team at least once in 2018; the Heat played every team besides Boston and Golden State, who they last faced on Dec. 3, 2017 and won’t see for the first time this year until Feb. 10 in Oakland.NOTHING EASY Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting LATEST STORIES Boston Celtics guard Kyrie Irving (11) drives to the basket against Miami Heat guard Dwyane Wade (3) during the second half of an NBA basketball game, Thursday, Jan. 10, 2019, in Miami. (AP Photo/Joel Auerbach)MIAMI — Dwyane Wade knew the Boston Celtics would make a run.He also decided when it should end.ADVERTISEMENT Is Luis Manzano planning to propose to Jessy Mendiola? SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte LOOK: Joyce Pring goes public with engagement to Juancho Triviño The game’s first free throw came more than 17 minutes after tip-off, when Winslow got to the line for Miami. Boston didn’t take a free throw until 10:31 remained in the third quarter.UP NEXTCeltics: Visit Orlando on Saturday. Boston is 7-2 in its last nine games against Orlando.Heat: Host Memphis on Saturday. It’ll be the 41st game — the midpoint — of Miami’s season.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next SEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion TS Kammuri to enter PAR possibly a day after SEA Games opening SEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion Las Vegas police seeking Cristiano Ronaldo’s DNA in rape case Wade scored eight of his 19 points in a third-quarter spurt that saved Miami from what was starting to look like a freefall, and the Heat went on to defeat the Celtics 115-99 on Thursday night. Miami led by as many as 26 shortly after halftime, then saw the Celtics peel off 16 unanswered points before Wade helped quickly restore order.“I’ve been on this train with him for a long time,” Heat coach Erik Spoelstra said. “He has a way of making all of us look a lot better. … Sometimes this league is just about having great players in those important moments, swing moments during the course of a game.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine football chiefSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsJosh Richardson scored 18 points for Miami, which set season highs with 18 3-pointers and 33 assists. Derrick Jones Jr. scored 14, and Justise Winslow scored 13 points and added a career-high 11 assists for the Heat.“We’re trying to move up. We’re trying to continue to get better,” said Wade, who helped the Heat even their record at 20-20. “You want to be able to win some of these games against the top teams.” PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss View comments
TagsTransfersAbout the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say Juventus to slap in immediate bid for Arsenal midfielder Ramseyby Carlos Volcano10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveJuventus are pushing Arsenal to cough up Aaron Ramsey this month.Off contract in June, Ramsey has already settled pre-contract terms with Juve, according to Italian media sources. However, Juve chief Fabio Paratici wants to bring the deal forward and sign the Welshman immediately.Corriere dello Sport says Juve intend to offer €5m to Arsenal to convince them to sell.But Gunners manager Unai Emery could prove an obstacle as he doesn’t want to lose Ramsey until the end of the season.“I want him in the present with us,” said Emery on Thursday.“At the end of the season is the moment he can go to one team or another team.”
Kent Driscoll APTN National NewsNunavut has just passed an amendment to its human rights act giving transgender people greater protection.APTN spoke to one of the major motivations for this amendments, an Iqaluit resident who now feels better protected at home.“I feel more like a citizen of Nunavut,” said Kieran Drachenberg of the [email protected]
HALIFAX – Nova Scotia tabled legislation Friday that sets the stage for its promised cap and trade regime, although specific details on the regulations and the effect on consumers are yet to be known.Premier Stephen McNeil’s Liberal government opted for a cap and trade system last November as part of Ottawa’s push to get the provinces to set a price on carbon.It came out of an agreement that saw the federal government recognize work that Nova Scotia has already done on greenhouse gas reductions. The province has already met Canada’s target of a 30 per cent reduction in emissions from 2005 by 2030.McNeil said the goal of the system being set up in his province is to achieve targets for further greenhouse gas reductions with minimal impact to consumers, although he couldn’t say what the ultimate cost to their pocketbooks would be when it comes to things like buying gasoline for vehicles.“I can’t predict what’s going to happen down the road,” McNeil told reporters.“I certainly know that we believe this was the best way for the residents of Nova Scotia to get the benefit of the work they have been doing all along. This smooths it out across all sectors.”Government officials said the goal would be to set declining greenhouse gas caps each year until 2022 that would correspond to projected emissions levels resulting from the federal government setting a carbon price that will rise to $50 a tonne by 2022. That price will be set at $10 a tonne beginning next year.The amendments to Nova Scotia’s Environment Act don’t set caps yet, for a system that is expected to begin in late 2018. Government officials said they would need to set an economy-wide emissions target by 2030.When cap and trade begins, about 20 large industrial players will be mandatory participants and will initially be offered emission credits at no cost.Officials said that’s to guard against industries suddenly picking up and moving, adding that similar regimes set up in Ontario, California, and the European Union have also offered so-called free allowances.Nova Scotia’s legislation also sets out that the province will go it alone, although McNeil said that doesn’t mean there couldn’t be some sort of regional arrangement in the future. Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick and Newfoundland and Labrador have not yet announced their systems.“Those provinces will determine what works for their citizens. If our sister provinces turn to cap and trade I hope they look at what we have done and if there is something we can do we’d be happy to do it.”Ontario and Quebec have a linked cap and trade system with California — something Wayne Groszko, of the Halifax-based Ecology Action Centre, believes only makes sense.“Why are we doing this alone? A cap and trade system works best — this is proven — when it involves a wider jurisdiction and more trading partners, so why not be joining the other Maritime provinces?”Groszko also said that without caps there is no way to tell at this point whether the system will further reduce emissions.He also questioned the offering of free credits up front.“They should be charging money for the permission to pollute . . . and then using that revenue to soften the blow to people who really need it like low income folks, and also investing in green programs like public transit,” he said. “All those things that we need in order to actually reduce our emissions.”Under the regulations, which are a work in progress, a small number of credits will be held in a strategic reserve. Once sold, the money collected would be put into a Green Fund that would support climate change initiatives and innovations.The government said the reserve credits would be sold at a higher price than the market in order to create a cap that would prevent participants from driving up the market price for credits.The regulations would also set penalties for non-compliance.
Cairo- The screening of the Egyptian movie “Sweetness of Spirit” or “Halawet al roh” in Arabic starring Lebanese diva Haifa Wehbe was delayed by the Censorship Committee officials in Cairo.Scenes of Wehbe’s rape with actor Mohammad Lutfi and a scene of her kissing actor Basim Samrah in particular raised the concern of the committee, the news website noted.The committee refused to issue a permit for the film or any other decision regarding the movie because it was unfinished, Ahmad Awad, head of the Censorship Committee, told Al Arabiya News channel. No comments will be given nor censorship will be imposed until “Sweetness of spirit” is fully completed, Awad said.The London based daily news website Elaph reported that the Censorship Committee decided to delay the film’s release after they discovered it contained profanities and sexually provocative scenes.“Sweetness of spirit” revolves around a woman named Roh who tries to overcome the daily hardships of her life.Egypt already had restrictions on film makers in place under President Hosni Mubarak, requiring them to seek approval from the Censorship Bureau to screen their work.After his overthrow in 2011, film makers were hoping for more artistic freedom, but critics of the government say little has changed, according to Reuters.Wehbe is a renowned model, singer and socialite who is regarded by admirers and observers as an Arab beauty icon and as a ‘sex bomb’ by fans.Source: Al Arabiya
Categories: News 11Mar Nesbitt discusses energy plan before House committee, highlights adaptability, reliability Members of the House Energy Policy Committee today heard the specifics of a comprehensive energy package unveiled last week by Rep. Aric Nesbitt, which aims to give Michigan more control over its energy future by focusing on adaptability at a time of increasing federal mandates.Rep. Nesbitt, who chairs the House Energy Policy Committee and serves as House Majority Floor Leader, said the bills will have Michigan take a holistic approach that will spur investment in 21st century energy production, while focusing on the elements of cost-effectiveness, cleaner standards, and reliability.“With several coal-fired plants schedule for closing over the next few years, we need to make sure that Michigan has an environment where investments in new generation and energy efficiency continue, while assuring ratepayers are being provided the best value possible,” Rep. Nesbitt said. “Our policy needs to be adaptable and take a Michigan approach to Michigan issues, giving us the ability to effectively respond to burdensome federal regulations and fluctuations in the electric market.”Nesbitt further stated, “A new approach to Integrated Resource Plans (IRP) will allow us to take a broader view of our goals for cleaner energy, reliability, and cost-effectiveness, rather than maintain the plans of the past that created unnecessary fees, burdensome regulations, and special carve-outs that picked winners and losers.”The House Energy Policy Committee will continue to hold open hearings during the next few months to hear from residents, stakeholders and industry experts as these bills continued to be studied and discussed.
When Linda Tock heard her 5-year-old telling her he was going to be sick, she moved quickly. She sprinted for a trash can, ready to run upstairs to help her son, with her husband, Simon, close behind her. Then it happened: a rain of vomit from the balcony above. “I put the trash can over my head,” Tock recalls. “We just got showered.” Puke splashed onto every surface — and even into her unlucky husband’s open mouth. The Tocks’ experience has been shared by parents around the world. Sometimes, kids seem to vomit at the drop of a hat, causing parental panic. But when is it just a messy inconvenience and when do you need to get the doctor involved? And why do kids throw up so much, anyway? The mechanism of vomiting, or emesis, is the same in kids and adults. It can be stimulated by a variety of things, from a virus irritating the stomach lining, to disgust or surprise, to the motion of a car or a boat. But in kids it can be a hair-trigger reaction.When the brain experiences stomach-upsetting stimuli, nerve fibers, also called afferents, send signals to the body to expel what’s in the stomach. The body then pulls off the physical equivalent of a perfectly timed set of dance moves. After a deep breath, the glottis, the opening between the vocal folds, shuts. The larynx and upper palate rise up to make room for what’s about to occur. Then, the diaphragm pushes down forcefully. The negative pressure it creates inside the body opens up the esophagus, where food goes into the body. At the same time, the abdominal walls squeeze the stomach. Voila! It’s time to barf. Kids receive the same vomit-worthy signals and their bodies perform the same carefully coordinated set of preparatory motions as adults. So why do they hurl so much more? You might think that children’s sensitive immune systems make them more prone to stomach bugs, and that’s true. But there’s more to it: Their bodies send, and listen to, afferent signals for all kinds of other physical problems. As a result, children may vomit in response to things that wouldn’t make an adult blink: a stubbed toe, for example, or a fever. “Anything that makes a child sick can make them vomit,” says pediatric gastroenterologist Katja Kovacic. “There are numerous, numerous causes.” Though gastroenteritis, or the stomach flu, is the most common cause of vomiting in children, vomiting doesn’t always point to the stomach flu. If a child vomits, the best thing to do is help them get comfortable and keep an eye on their fluid intake to prevent dehydration. Sounds simple, but when should you go to the doctor? Troubling signs include lethargy, severe stomach tenderness, a distended stomach, or severe pain of any kind, says Kovacic. Rapid-fire vomiting or vomiting that doesn’t clear up after a day or so is also cause for concern: Both can lead to severe dehydration. For Boston-area pediatrician Daniel Summers, red flags can often be found in the vomit itself. Parents who find “something other than the stomach contents you’d expect to find,” he says, should seek medical attention immediately. Watch out for blood, dark green bile, or even fecal matter, which can get into vomit from an obstructed bowel. Even if it’s a stomach bug that’s likely to pass quickly, a pediatrician can help by prescribing anti-emetic drugs like ondansetron (Zofran), which was originally developed to quell vomiting in chemotherapy patients. Putting a halt to the barf cycle can prevent dehydration and help keep a child out of the hospital, says Summers, not to mention making them more comfortable. If your child is taking an anti-emetic drug, he warns, it’s still important to go slowly when it comes to diet, eating small amounts and starting with bland foods, just in case the causes of the vomiting outlast the anti-vomiting prescription. Hydration is key, too. Parents should avoid sugary beverages in favor of ones that have electrolytes, like Pedialyte or lower-sugar sports drinks. If your child stops urinating or cries without tears, he or she could be seriously dehydrated and it’s time to seek emergency attention. In some cases, vomiting is a sign of something more serious, like cyclic vomiting syndrome. Watch out if your kid experiences repeated episodes of vomiting that last for hours or even days. “It’s a tough disorder,” says Kovacic, who studies the condition. It’s not clear what causes cyclic vomiting, but once a pattern is identified, patients can be treated with anti-migraine drugs. The condition is linked to migraines and can evolve into migraines in older patients. Above all, say both physicians, it’s important for parents to trust their instincts if they think their kid’s vomiting is more than just a stomach bug. “I usually say Mom is always right,” says Kovacic. “If a parent has a hunch that something is wrong with their child, we have to go along with that sense.” Erin Blakemore is a science writer based in Boulder, Colo. Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.