Citation: AndyVision retail robot takes stock and more (w/ Video) (2012, July 2) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-07-andyvision-retail-robot-stock-video.html Priya Narasimhan, a Carnegie Mellon professor who heads the Intel Science and Technology Center in Embedded Computing, recently demonstrated AndyVision at an Intel Research Labs event in San Francisco. Holiday shopping? Why does rubbing elbows turn consumers off? Explore further For Narasimhan, AndyVision reflects a type of computer-vision inventory system that might trump wireless RFID tags. Instead, the Carnegie Mellon team behind AndyVision notes that it is a combination of different types of algorithms running on a low-power system that is easier than RFID tagging to implement.She and her team interviewed retailers first to best tailor a retail robot to their needs. They said that stores lose out when they run low on any item in high demand, and when a customer carries off a jar of something and drops it in another aisle of completely unrelated items. How unappetizing is a tin of salmon tossed next to roach-killer aerosols, or how disappointing is it when customers ask a clerk where an item is and the clerk does not know. The CMU robot addresses those weaknesses. AndyVision has made video fame in its red hoodie, and has been spotted moving around the Carnegie Mellon university store since May. The robot does not crash into anything because of proximity sensors. It scans the shelves to generate a real-time interactive map of the store, which customers can browse via an in-store screen. The map generated by the robot is sent to the large touch-screen system in the store. Without even travelling to a desired aisle, the customer can check out a product on the screen, which shows the product location and also displays the product information. For employees, the robot checks out all the shelves, looking this way and that, and performs a detailed inventory check, identifying each item on the shelves, and alerting the workers if stock is low or if an item has been misplaced. The robot uses image-processing and machine-learning algorithms; it looks for barcodes and text; and uses information about the shape, size, and color of an object to determine its identity. The robot can also infer items that belong next to each other. If an unidentified bright orange box is near Clorox bleach, it will infer that the box is Tide detergent. There is a database of 3-D and 2-D images showing the store’s stock and a basic map of the store’s layout.After its initial test at the campus store, said Narasimhan, the robot system will be put to test in several stores next year. © 2012 Phys.Org (Phys.org) — AndyVision is a robot that walks around a store taking inventory and making sure that customers find what they are looking for—two seemingly simple tasks that for retailers can add up to doing away with inefficiencies and lost sales. Think of it, say Carnegie Mellon’s robot design team that came up with AndyVision. You cannot find your favorite mustard (the store ran low and then out, and nobody thought to notice and re-order) or the shirt you want is misplaced among other racks (you give up looking and walk out). This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Mosaic of images of the Arctic by MODIS. Credit: NASA Explore further As the researchers note, millions of birds migrate to Arctic regions during the warmer months, covering much of the local landscape with guano. Until now, however, no connection between such droppings and temperature changes was ever made. During a trip to the Canadian Arctic two years ago, the researchers collected air samples for study. In analyzing those samples, the researchers found that during certain times of the year (when it was above freezing), there was a noticeable rise in ammonia levels. They report that they initially thought the ammonia was coming from the sea, but after some testing, found that was not the case. The next most obvious candidate was animals that live in such places—the logical choice for study was migrating birds because of their huge numbers.The researchers ran some calculations and fed the data into computer models that simulated the Arctic environment both with thousands of tons ammonia emissions into the air and without. They noted first that when guano was broken down by bacteria, ammonia was released, accounting for the rise they observed in their air tests. They also found that when the ammonia mixed with sulfuric acid and water molecules, both from ocean spray, airborne particles were formed that made their way into the atmosphere, contributing to cloud formation. Such low-lying clouds, the team explains, can reflect heat from the sun back into space, leaving the area cooler—the model showed by as much as 1W/m2 during the warmer months.The researchers are not suggesting that coaxing more birds to migrate to the Artic each year might slow melting of the ice, but they do suggest their work highlights just how complex our global ecosystem actually is, and how many factors contribute to its current state. (Phys.org)—A team of researchers with members from Canada, Sweden and U.S. has found that bird excrement may be playing a role in cooling the Arctic during its warmer months. In their paper published in the journal Nature Communications, the team describes how they found higher than expected seasonal levels of ammonia in the air during trips they took to Arctic sites, how they traced it to bird feces and then modeled the impact it might be having on the local environment. Seabird guano releases more ammonia at tropics Citation: Bird excrement may be cooling the Arctic (2016, November 16) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-11-bird-excrement-cooling-arctic.html Journal information: Nature Communications More information: B. Croft et al. Contribution of Arctic seabird-colony ammonia to atmospheric particles and cloud-albedo radiative effect, Nature Communications (2016). DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13444AbstractThe Arctic region is vulnerable to climate change and able to affect global climate. The summertime Arctic atmosphere is pristine and strongly influenced by natural regional emissions, which have poorly understood climate impacts related to atmospheric particles and clouds. Here we show that ammonia from seabird-colony guano is a key factor contributing to bursts of newly formed particles, which are observed every summer in the near-surface atmosphere at Alert, Nunavut, Canada. Our chemical-transport model simulations indicate that the pan-Arctic seabird-influenced particles can grow by sulfuric acid and organic vapour condensation to diameters sufficiently large to promote pan-Arctic cloud-droplet formation in the clean Arctic summertime. We calculate that the resultant cooling tendencies could be large (about −0.5 W m−2 pan-Arctic-mean cooling), exceeding −1 W m−2 near the largest seabird colonies due to the effects of seabird-influenced particles on cloud albedo. These coupled ecological–chemical processes may be susceptible to Arctic warming and industrialization. © 2016 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Indian Abstracts: An Absence of Form is a seminal exhibition that charts the development of abstraction in modern Indian art, featuring close to 70 artists. The exhibition brings together for the first time a vast body of work spanning a vast range of styles that have evolved in modern Indian art. The retrospective is an investigation into the evolution of abstraction in Indian art from the early 1950s till current times. Part of a continued series, Indian Abstracts is Delhi Art Gallery’s attempt to continue to document the richly diverse and many less understood aspects of modern Indian art. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Featuring three hundred and fifty works by over 60 significant practitioners of Indian abstraction, Indian Abstracts: An Absence of Form explores the eventful and unique journey of abstraction in modern Indian art. Indian abstract artists drew on a range of influences in their work – Western abstract art, in particular the works of artists such as Klee, Rothko, Pollock or Calder, East- Asian influences, and significantly, a range of traditional, tribal, folk and tantric art – for their techniques, themes and approaches. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThe exhibition features prominent and significant Indian abstractionists recognised for the maturity of their imagery such as – V S Gaitonde, S H Raza, Ram Kumar, Nasreen Mohammedi, Zarina Hashmi, Jeram Patel, Shanti Dave, Ganesh Haloi, Krishna Reddy, J Swaminathan and V Vishwanadhan. Additionally, it also brings together lesser-known abstract works of artists that are known for their fidelity to figurative or representative art – these feature artists such as M F Husain, Somnath Hore, Dharamnarayan Dasgupta, Benode Behari Mukherjee, Sunil Das and Rabin Mondal – their abstract works are a delight to behold and add significantly to our understanding of Indian modernism’s journey. An over 400-page, substantial volume of art scholarship will accompany this significant exhibition, featuring colour plates of artworks and scholarship by leading art historians examining the journey of the abstract in Indian art.Delhi Art Gallery presents this significant exhibition on Indian abstract art, at its premises in Hauz Khas Village. Art lovers don’t miss this!WHERE: Delhi Art Gallery, Hauz Khas Village WHEN: 10 August to 30 September
Renu Modi, Director, Gallery Espace, presents a solo show of terracotta sculptures and drawings by Delhi-based artiste Manjunath Kamath at Gallery Espace, Community Centre, New Friends Colony in the Capital from January 16 till February 28. Manjunath Kamath creates Modern Narratives out of Classical, Traditional Sculptures in his new body of work titled Postponed Poems. Postponed Poems is the aggregate of Kamath’s distinctive imagery rich with the narratives of everyday life, interwoven with mythologies and intimate stories. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Kamath’s collecting hobby of over 30 years forms the basis for understanding of his new body of sculptural work. The old and aged classical and folk sculptures holding the trace and weight of time becomes the subject for his work. The artiste is fascinated with the amazing forms of the past such as traditional temple sculptures, broken parts of old havelis, ritual masks and icons of god and goddesses. The artiste pours out his heart and soul and captures such antiques in terracotta sculptures. His works signify beyond the mere meaning of realistic representation, to becoming a kind of shamanistic process that honors aged things and elaborately traces the various lives and sensibilities inherent in the objects. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixAt the same time, Kamath imparts his signature flavor of witticism in his interpretation of the secular, mythological and the historical. Hence, his terracotta sculptures in this show are inspired by classical aesthetics but turned into a modern metaphor replete with humor and satire.Says the 42-year-old artiste: “I have a great fascination for traditional classical sculpture and paintings from my childhood, and I still remember that I spent hours looking at those sculptures in temple chariots and on walls. The temples and churches are like art museums for me, and that was how I was introduced to art. I have spent hours with local craftsmen watching them make idols of Gods and Goddesses. Eventually, I even started collecting classical sculptures and paintings like ritual masks, wooden and metal sculptures, parts of temple chariots, old terracotta sculptures. It was natural then that I would want to bring the aesthetics of this classical style into my works but interpret them on my own terms. It is like reconnecting to our roots.”Kamath has been conceptualizing the show for the last 5 years, and the attempt to use classical influence in contemporary art was a challenge. Kamath is also showing paper works which include 30 small drawings, 9 small Indian miniature-styled paper works and 15 gold leaf portraits drawing reference from the Buddhist Thangka paintings.When: January 16 to February 28 Where: Gallery Espace, Community Centre, New Friends Colony
Kolkata: With Bengal’s biggest festival still a few months away, members of a Durga Puja committee in Kolkata has tapped the Chinese Consulate here to theme their pandal on Hulu, a thin gourd popular in a mainland province, and the art forms surrounding it. “Hulu which is believed to bring good omen and prosperity, is very popular in Yunnan where it is grown widely. We also have a musical instrument made out of the gourd called ‘Hulusi’, it is like a trumpet,” the Consul General in Kolkata, Ma Zhanwu said today. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsA team visiting Yunnan will find for themselves more about the concept of Hulu and the art forms surrounding the same for their puja, Zhanwu said.The Consul said Hulu also accounts for popular public installations and the Hulu themed pandal at BJ Block in Salt Lake may have Chinese carvings, which will be discussed with the organisers.The theme is an important part of Durga Puja celebrations with organisers competing with each other to execute different themes based on which pandal, ambience and illumination are created. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedThe Consul said the BJ Block Durga Puja, Salt Lake, in was not being sponsored by the Consulate, However, the Consulate was only trying to find sponsors to help “the chief architect (of the pandal) and organisers to visit Yunnan province.”They would go to China and see the structures in person and also maybe, some illumination ideas for the ‘Hulu’ pandal. They can take inspiration from the ‘Hulu’ art installations.”Hulus can be cut into half and used as a water container, there can be hulu shaped artificial water body, fountains, it could be musical instrument,” he said. He said the organisers of BJ Block puja also wanted to have some Chinese artefacts and Indian handicrafts displayed on either side of the pandal and there can also be Chinese artistic performances.”Some artists from China are likely to perform at BJ Block during pujas and there will be lion dance as well,” there will be no artiste from China for making the pandal, the Chinese diplomat said.”The Chinese Consulate in Kolkata has taken part in best pandal competition activities and have invited the winners to visit China for a week. We have also sent lion dance groups to different pandals to demonstrate the Chinese culture,” Zhanwu said, A spokesman of the puja committee said, “Our puja had always been a frontrunner in terms of aesthetic appeal and creativity. This year, we hope the crowd will be bigger. We are holding discussions with the Chinese Consulate to discuss details.” The spokesman said the approximate budget will be Rs 40 lakh.
Darjeeling: The minimum wage amount calculated by the state government will be announced from Uttar Kanya by Labour minister Malay Ghatak on July 30. This assurance led to the deferring of agitation programmes, including tea estate shutdowns and a general strike by the Joint Forum of tea unions earlier slated for July 23, 24 and 25.Tripartite talks were held between the state government, Joint Forum and associations representing the management at Uttar Kanya, the mini secretariat in Jalpaiguri on Tuesday. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life”We communicated the progress in implementation of minimum wages and the details on how it is being calculated. On July 30, Labour minister Malay Ghatak will make an official announcement on the amount that has been fixed as minimum wage. As we have made much progress, we would request the Joint Forum to lift their agitation programmes, thereby maintaining peace and tranquility in the gardens,” stated Jawaid Akhtar, labour commissioner.The Joint Forum (a conglomeration of 26 operating tea unions), demanding the implementation of minimum wages in tea gardens, had called for a closure of all tea gardens in North Bengal on July 23, 24 and 25, along with a general strike in the tea belt on July 24. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedThough the unions operational in the Hills had decided not to enforce the bandh, they had called for stopping tea dispatch from the Hill gardens.Following the tripartite talks, the Joint Forum went into a huddle to decide on the fate of the agitation programme. “As the state government initiative is positive, we have decided to defer the 3-day strike. This will be announced in all the tea gardens on July 20, before the workers go to work. We will attend the meeting on July 30 at Uttar Kanya. However, if the announcement on that day is anti-worker, we will draw up our future course of action which will include a more severe agitation after July 30,” stated Zia Ur Alam, convenor of the forum. Alam stated that though the government was positive, the attitude of the management is clearly anti-worker.Towing the Chief Minister’s line, Dola Sen, president, INTTUC, stated: “Bandh will not resolve anything. It is the workers who suffer in a bandh. Our government is pro-worker. After coming to power, the daily wage of workers that stood at Rs 66 in 2011, has been incremented to Rs 159 at present.”The minimum wage is being calculated taking into consideration various components including cost of food, clothing, housing and the 1:3 composition (3 dependents per worker). Disbursement of PF, gratuity and filling up of vacancies in the gardens were also discussed in the tripartite meeting.
Kolkata: Criminal Investigation Department (CID) has come to know about more people from the northern p art of the country, who had allegedly extended support to the five Chinese nationals arrested for running a drug smuggling racket.Sources said the CID officers have recently come to know about these people, who have had close contact with the five arrested Chinese nationals. The investigation officers didn’t disclose the names and the CID officers didn’t reveal much about the places they belong for the sake of investigation. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeInvestigating officers have come to know that it would not have been possible for the Chinese nationals to run the racket without their help. A team comprising CID officers are working in other states in this connection. The five Chinese nationals including Wang Zio Dong, Zeu Gong Hue, Chang Heu, Lee Chand and Lue Bouk Seoung were arrested a few weeks ago from Kolkata Station and around 197 kg drug, worth around Rs 39 crore was recovered from them. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedThe five persons were arrested by the Government Railway Police and the case was later taken up by the CID. The CID officers had conducted raids in this connection at Naoda in Murshidabad. Subsequently, a team comprising officers of Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), US Department of Justice, interrogated the five Chinese nationals. Officers of the Narcotics Control Bureau accompanied the DEA agents during the interrogation. The CID continued its probe in this connection and came to know that three of the five arrested Chinese nationals had also worked in Gurgaon. In a bid to get more information in this connection, a team comprising officers of CID went to Gurgaon. The investigating officers also came to know that one of them used to work for a mobile manufacturing company and another used to work as a cook at some place. Later, they allegedly got involved in the racket of smuggling of drugs that include methamphetamine and amphetamine.
Independent MLA Sheikh Abdul Rashid was on Thursday thrashed by some BJP legislators in the Jammu and Kashmir Assembly for throwing a beef party here, triggering an uproar from the opposition which staged a walkout. The manhandling of the MLA, who had thrown a beef party at the MLA hostel here on Wednesday, came on a day the Assembly is scheduled to take up a bill on the ban on the meat.As BJP MLAs assaulted him, several NC and Congress MLAs rushed to save him. The assault on the floor of the House triggered an angry reaction from the opposition with National Conference leader Omar Abdullah saying it was impossible to digest the incident. “What happened today is impossible to digest. An honourable member being assaulted in the House. It seems that they wanted to murder him (Rashid). If he had done anything that was objectionable that should have been put on record,” the former Chief Minister said. Also Read – Punjab on alert after release of excess water from Bhakra damCondemning the assault, Chief Minister Mufti Mohammed Sayeed said sentiments should be kept under check. “I condemn this incident. The House has good tradition ….sentiments should be kept under control. I ask Deputy Chief Minister Nirmal Singh to apologise for the misconduct of his party MLAs,” he said.Singh on his part said, “We do not approve of what happened in the Assembly today. But what happened in the MLAs hostel yesterday was also wrong,” he said, referring to yesterday’s beef party. The Deputy Chief Minister stopped short of apologising for the incident following which the entire opposition staged a walkout.
Kolkata: Mayor Sovan Chatterjee on Thursday lashed out at the Left councillors after they alleged that KMC is suppressing facts about dengue in the monthly meeting.”The initiative that the present board of Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) is taking to create awareness and prevention of dengue should be lauded by all. The councillors are holding door-to-door campaigns and the state government is constantly helping KMC in its drive against dengue. In case of the Board before 2010, not even 5 percent of work was done to fight vector-borne diseases,” Chatterjee said reacting to a claim from Left councillor Mrityunjoy Chakraborty that the Health department of the civic body is suppressing the actual figure of dengue affected people in the city. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeMayor further reiterated that Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee herself constantly keeps coordinating with the state Health department and keeps a tab on such cases.According to the Mayor, currently, there are 732 people affected by dengue and 2,547 by malaria in the KMC area.”Our government is a transparent government and we always give out the correct figures,” Chatterjee said claiming that the number of people afflicted with dengue is far less than the previous years.Talking about the steps taken to fight dengue, a senior official of KMC’s Health department said leaflets have been distributed and billboards containing the do’s and dont’s to prevent the disease have been put up at different places.”The Durga Puja committees have also been encouraged to carry out door-to-door dengue campaign,” the official said.
Cancel all your other weekend plans as Delhi gets ready to host the biggest Jazz festival of the year. Organized by Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR), the 7th Delhi Jazz International Festival at Nehru Park, Chanakyapuri from September 23-25 will witness the convergence of top music artists from countries such as France, Israel, Korea, Mexico, Spain, Taiwan, South Africa and India.”The event will feature performances of seven international and three Indian Jazz groups, namely: Four on a swing (Kolkata); The Radha Thomas Ensemble (Bengaluru); and Rattle and Hum (Nagaland),” said Riva Ganguly Das, Director General ICCR. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”ICCR believes that music can play a key role in engaging in creative dialogue with other nations. Festivals like these help us in understanding cultures of other countries and also gives the opportunity to our own people to interact with world-class performers,” she further added.For the first time since 1992, the festival is going to take place in Aizawl and Varanasi in addition to Goa, Guwahati, Shillong, Bangaluru, Pune, Mumbai and Jaipur. Artists from across the globe will be attending the three-day event. Taking the stage will be Indian and international bands; some of the most famed musicians from the different part of the world will be participating in the festival. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveOn the question of promoting smaller jazz artists through this festival, the Director-General said, “We always try to encourage all the young and upcoming artists to travel and participate in other parts of the world through ICCR’s robust free of cost programs of sending Indian musicians abroad.”India is being exposed to a lot of other genres of music with international artists coming here and Riva Ganguly believes that this is the way to move forward in music and other fields. “I think from each such event a lot of collaborations are built because they are interacting with each other, they listen to each other’s music and they find common elements. Jazz is purely improvised music; you can play with each other and mix it up and in my diplomatic career I have always found that whenever people meet, they just listen to each other and say, ‘Can I play with you.’ This is how you will see a sitarist playing along with a saxophone player and a tabla maestro with a guitarist.” Jazz originated in the late 19th century in the African American communities. The Jazz genre had gained popularity across the boundaries and the music moved across regions and soon out to the world. ICCR played an important role in spreading the genera within Indian boundaries by holding International Jazz Festival for the past seven years.This festival is for Jazz lovers in India. Performance of live Jazz music in the scenic Nehru Park is something that music lovers look forward to every year. So all jazz enthusiasts, gear up to groove to the melodious beats!
Amid much fervour and gaiety, Giriraj Singh, Minister of States (Independent Charge) for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) inaugurated the exclusive Khadi Pavilion of Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) at the 37th edition of India International Trade Fair (IITF) at Pragati Maidan on Tuesday. The theme of this one of the largest trade fairs for this edition is ‘Start-up India: Stand up India’.KVIC has set up over 100 stalls, in which various Khadi and Village Industries institutions from nearly all the states of the country are showcasing the most exquisite products created by the genuine fingers of rural artisans. This iconic annual event of India Trade Promotion Organisation (ITPO) would give a proper platform to the rural artisans to showcase their skills in the national Capital. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfExpressing happiness and enthusiasm, after formally inaugurating the pavilion, the MSME minister said that the commitment and zeal shown by the artisans and entrepreneurs indicate that the whole nation has taken the appeal and observation of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. “Only with this degree of dedication, we can follow our PM’s doctrine of ‘Earlier Khadi for the nation, then Khadi for fashion and finally Khadi for transformation’. Ministry has already chalked out some plans to brighten and enhance the artisans associated with Khadi and Village Industries,” he said. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveCorroborating similar views, KVIC Chairman Vinai K Saxena said that with such an enthusiastic approach of artisans and entrepreneurs, Khadi and Village industries are all set to catch the show. “KVIC as a team will always try to yield the best results with its social commitment,” he said, adding, “We always try to stand as per the expectations and love of our PM for Khadi and village industries.”Secretary, MSME, Dr Arun Kumar Panda and noted fashion designer Ritu Beri were also present on this occasion. The much awaited, 37th India International trade fair (IITF) kick-started on November 14 with a participation of approximately 21 countries and 3000 companies. The ‘business days’ for the mega fair fall is from November 14 to 17 whereas, for the general public, the fair will be open from November 18 to 27. From November 18, the fair will be open to all visitors with a ticket price of Rs 60 for adults and Rs 40 for children. However, on Saturday and Sunday as well as any holiday between November 18 and 27, the ticket price for adults will be Rs 120 and Rs 60 for children.
Kolkata: West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee Friday welcomed IAF pilot Abhinandan Varthaman back in the country after being in the custody of Pakistan for two days. “Welcome home #AbhinandanVarthaman Welcome home sweet home,” Banerjee wrote on her Twitter handle. Pakistan held Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman Wednesday after fighter jets of both the nations engaged in an air battle following an unsuccessful attempt to target Indian military installations in retaliatory strikes. The pilot is scheduled to be handed over to India at the Attari border Friday.
You’d be surprised at how easy shopping can be once you’ve armed yourself with knowledge of which dress styles suit you best. The right cut makes you feel good wearing it and can brighten your whole day. This season, many new cuts are trending and some of the previous year’s trends are being repeated. Ashima Sharma, a fashion designer and founder of Ashima S Couture have listed some of the most trending and popular cuts that you can go for:Laser cut dress trends: Laser cuts are trending in Pret wear and couture outfits as well. The laser cuts are majorly popular among youth and can be seen very prominently in skater skirts and pleated skirts. Also, these laser cuts can be seen in bell sleeved outfits. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfFront slits: Back slits in pencil skirts were a popular thing in the 90’s and have continued to be an office or formal classic trend cut. Front slits – especially 2 front slits – are a very trending cut style in western outfits like maxi dresses, palazzo styles, and bell bottoms. These front slits give a retro look and are quite a trend in dancing outfits and party wear.Asymmetrical Cuts: Asymmetry has been a trending cut since last few years but this year the asymmetrical cuts have been improvised further. Asymmetrical double layered outfits are the new black. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveTassels or Fringes Cuts: Tasseled outfits are the newest trend and can be seen donned in party looks by the youth these days. They are a funky beach evening option, dance option and can be worn as a dress or a skirt to add the boho element to the look.Rugged denim cuts: Rugged cuts are a very popular trend these days and can be seen almost every day on somebody or the other. The most popular option for rugged cuts is denim fabric with styles like shorts, skirts, overalls/dungarees, dresses etc.Patchwork of floral motifs attached at the hemline: This is also growing to be a very popular style these days and can be seen in college goers these days. The college girls can often be seen with a patchwork of the floral motif at the hemline of their tops or dresses.
Amelie Rorty, a renowned philosopher, established that the change of layers of personhood we adopt are assertive to different powers and politics, success and failure, freedoms and liabilities, and expectations in the intellectual and social spaces we inhabit. So the individuals make their own narratives of their lives that are best fitted in their own patterns of thought.The theatre group ‘Thealight’, has produced a play ‘Bhoy’ that showcases convolutions of self-contradictions of human selves triggered by changing social, political and ideological environments. The ‘contradiction’ generates different psychological layers in a human mind that creates innumerable dispersed identities in an individual. The ‘identities’ fight with each other to establish one’s relevance with time and fade away giving birth to a new self that ultimately overpowers the other. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfWritten in 2008, playwright Bratya Basu creates multiple identities within two characters (husband and wife) in the play and questions the morality and responsibilities in a relationship, situating them in the complex dynamics of contemporary political discourse. Basu uses the genre of a thriller and characters of ‘ghosts’ to traumatise Shuvankar as he discovers his contradictory and elapsed identities. The narrative thereby argues on the vicious gap between ideology and reality of Left politics in West Bengal along with issues of marriage, intimacy, and philosophy called life. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveWhile ‘one’ Shuvankar criticises the changing nature of constitutional democracy and opportunism in politics, the ‘second’ Shuvankar finally admits to his unconscious desires in realms of sexuality and economic success. Even his wife Seema is forced to rethink about many unsaid and unrealised stains of relationships with her colleagues and friends besides her marital relationship with her husband. Later the opportunist ‘middle-class’ comes to the fore as a conglomeration of pretentious intellect and sticky inertness when both Shuvankar and Seema shrug off their ambiguous, controversial pasts nonchalantly and embrace their present selves in fear of being exposed further. Rajeshwari Nandy’s acting as one of the spirits draws a special mention. Blending her husky voice with a mannerism, she creates a ghost on stage with a passionate mind who dreams of an ideal world. Sandipan Chatterjee as Shuvankar, Sampa Das Sarkar as Seema and Pulak Roy as the manager contribute well to the production. Director Atanu Sarkar intelligently keeps it simple on stage as intense dialogues progressively elicit the essence of the play. The beginning of second half is done with style and precision. On a couple of occasions, the eerie feeling has sent shivers down the spines for sure. Sudip Sanyal with his reputable expertise makes the projection of light relevant and artistic. Prithwis Rana does fairly well in stage designing. The bearing of the playwright’s exploration of a phobophobia makes it so inescapable that the audience will inevitably take a plunge into it and will hanker to come out of it in the next instance.
World War I, or “the war to end all wars” as it was commonly termed at the time, was ignited by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand — the heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire — in Sarajevo, Bosnia. The assassins were part of a secret society called the Black Hand, who wanted Bosnia-Herzegovina to gain independence from Austro-Hungarian control, so that they could form their own union with Serbia.When it was made public that the Archduke and his wife would be making a visit to Sarajevo, members of the Black Hand went to the city with the intention of killing Ferdinand.Franz Ferdinand, ca. 1914.The Archduke and his wife, Countess Sophie, had been invited to the opening of a hospital on Sunday June 28, 1914. Six Black Hand conspirators took up positions along the route they would be following from the train station to the hospital.As described by contemporary Spanish magazine El Mundo Gráfico: “The moment when the Austrian archdukes, following the first attempt against their lifes, arrived at the City Council (of Sarajevo), where they were received by the mayor and the municipal corporation.”One conspirator threw a hand grenade at the dignitary’s car, but the driver saw it, and managed to evade it. The grenade went off under the car behind them, injuring several of the occupants, and costing four other conspirators opportunities to make another attempt.Later that day, the Archduke decided to go visit the injured members of his party at the hospital. His driver took a wrong turn, which allowed another conspirator to have a chance. That man, Gavrilo Princip, shot and killed both the Archduke and his wife. This was the critical incident which finally lit the touchpaper on the July Crisis, tipping the unstable balance of alliances and counter-alliances into WWI.Gavrilo Princip, cell, headshot Photo by Unknown photographer – ap998281903921. media.npr.org. CC BY-SA 4.0According to We Are the Mighty, it’s somewhat surprising that the assassination succeeded at all. First of all, Captain Dragutin Dimitrijević, also known as Apis, was the leader of the Black Hand. He gave the go-ahead for an attempt on the life of the Austrian Heir, and assigned the mission to a sub-group of the main organization, called Young Bosnia.He did this without agreement from the full Executive Committee and then left for Sarajevo to meet with the conspirators. When everyone had gathered in Sarajevo, they spent a month idle, as they were having trouble obtaining weapons, suicide pills, explosives, or cash. Eventually, they managed to scrape together six grenades and four FN Model 1910 pistols. They would use most of the ammunition they had to practice, and they did it in a city park.Franz Ferdinand’s blood-stained uniformThe second issue was that Franz Ferdinand was not the original intended target. The intended target was the Bosnian governor, Oskar Potiorek. The plan for Potiorek’s assassination was put aside when the conspirators couldn’t get the weapons they needed, and they decided instead to kill the Archduke. As a side note, Potiorek rode in the same car as the visiting dignitary that day, and was completely untouched.The group of conspirators consisted of six young men, several of whom were dying of tuberculosis and weren’t afraid of losing their lives if the attempt was uncovered. One of the young men, Nedeljko Čabrinović, was considered to be unreliable by his peers, according to History in an Hour.The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, June 1914On the way to execute the plan, he reportedly met a friend, had his photo taken, and stopped to flirt with some girls. All of the would-be assassins were very young men, dedicated to their ideals, and stirred up by Apis — who remained in the shadows and away from the action.When Ferdinand’s car was finally driving along the route, five of the six conspirators lost their nerve. Čabrinović, however, threw his grenade at the car. The grenade had a ten-second delay, and the driver managed to evade it. It detonated under the wheel of the car behind them in the cavalcade, wounding a couple of passengers.Čabrinović fled the scene, taking a cyanide pill and jumping into the river below. He didn’t die, as the cyanide pill was too old to still be lethal, and the river into which he jumped was only a few inches deep. Instead of being a hero martyr, he was apprehended by the police.The 1911 Gräf & Stift Bois de Boulogne phaeton automobile in which Archduke Ferdinand and his wife were assassinated. It is now displayed in the Museum of Military History in Vienna. Photo by Alexf CC BY SA 3.0When the Archduke decided to go to the hospital before leaving Sarajevo, to visit the people who were injured when the grenade went off, Governor Potiorek urged them to take a different route for safety.But no one told the driver. On the way, Ferdinand’s vehicle stopped, coincidentally, just feet away from Gavrilo Princip, who fatally shot the Archduke.Sarajevo trial (1914). Members of the secret organization accused of the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand. Front row, from left: 1. Trifko Grabež, 2. Nedeljko Čabrinović, 3. Gavrilo Princip, 4. Danilo Ilić, 5. Miško JovanovićHe tried to shoot the governor as well, but missed, instead fatally wounding Ferdinand’s pregnant wife. Princip, like Čabrinović, tried to commit suicide, but his cyanide capsule failed, too, and police got his gun away from him before he could shoot himself. He was also apprehended.Both men were too young to be executed by law, as they were still in their teens. Instead, they died of tuberculosis, in prison.It’s astounding how many places the assassination could have gone awry. The Young Bosnia group could have never found any weapons at all. Ferdinand could have left Sarajevo without deciding to make the hospital visit. His driver could have chosen a different route. The assassins’ suicides could have been successful and the plot remain unknown.Read another story from us: A Descendant of Napoleon Bonaparte Founded the FBIAny of these events might have meant a very different course of history. Despite it all, though, Archduke Ferdinand was killed, kicking off a war like the world had never seen.
Ronald and Reginald Kray were born ten minutes apart on October 24, 1933, in London. The brothers came from a poor family, and they took up boxing before eventually becoming two of London’s most notorious gangsters in the 1950s and ‘60s. Recently a film called Legend was made about them starring Tom Hardy as both twins. Who were these men, what did they do, and how did they make their rise to the top of the crime world?The brothers were born and grew up in Hoxton, in London’s East End, along with their parents and older brother, Charlie, according to The Sun. Their father, another Charles, supported the family by working as a dealer in second-hand clothes, and, as a young man, had gone on the run in order to avoid military service. Life was hard, and eventually the boys’ grandfather, Jimmy “Cannonball” Lee talked the twins into taking up amateur boxing, which was a relatively common activity for working-class boys in the area.London gangsters Ronnie and Reggie Kray refresh themselves with a cup of tea. They had just spent 36 hours being questioned by the police about the murder of George Cornell. Photo by William Lovelace/Daily Express/Hulton Archive/Getty ImagesLike any siblings, the boys had a rivalry that pushed them to best each other and, as a result, they were both undefeated in the ring right up until they began their military service in 1951.But the boys were too wild to settle under the authority of the army. After throwing tantrums, assaulting a couple of police officers, upending their latrine bucket over a sergeant’s head, and handcuffing a guard to their prison bars, they were eventually bounced from the army with a dishonorable discharge. When they returned home, however, they discovered that their new criminal records had put an end to their proposed careers as professional boxers, so they turned their attention to building a life of crime, instead.Photograph of London gangster Reginald Kray (second from left) taken in the months leading up to his trial in 1968. The evidence from this file and others resulted in him and his brother Ronald being sentenced to life imprisonment.In the early 1950s, they started putting together a gang called The Firm. Their brother stepped in as the business head of the operation, and the twins became the gang’s public face. The gang was soon involved in all manner of crimes including running protection rackets, arson, assault, and eventually even murders.Because Ronnie and Reggie were personally involved in The Firm’s activities, it’s no surprise that Ronnie was arrested in the late ‘50s and sent to prison. While he was there, he was labeled insane and eventually diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia.In the ‘60s they branched out, opening a gambling club called Esmerelda’s Barn in Knightsbridge. Establishing themselves as successful club owners, they even recruited a Peer (member of the parliamentary House of Lords) to sit on their board and give their enterprise the appearance of respectability.Pub The Blind Beggar , where Ronnie Kray shot the gangster George Cornell on March 9, 1966. Photo by Ewan Munro from London, UK CC BY-SA 2.0They ran into trouble in 1966 when Ronnie shot and killed a member of a rival gang, and then Reggie killed a member of their own gang the following year for failing to complete a contract. The second murder, in particular, was violent and gruesome enough that people started to wonder if the same fate could befall them. It was late in 1967 before police had finally gathered enough evidence to take them down. The twins were arrested in May 1968, along with 15 other members of The Firm. The brothers were sentenced to life in prison for the murders they committed.Related Video: The Biggest Heist in US History Inspired the Film GoodfellasDespite the fact that Ronnie was the one who had been diagnosed with schizophrenia and was known to be prone to violent outbursts, a friend and colleague of the twins, Patsy Manning, said that Reggie was equally insane, if not worse, according to the Daily Star. Manning, who also had a criminal record, first met Reggie by coincidence on London Bridge, and the two men were friends for decades. The friendship had its ups and downs, but the incident that caused Manning to draw his conclusions about Reggie’s stability happened in 1981, when both men were both serving time in Parkhurst Prison.Panoramic London skyline with Tower Bridge and the Tower of London as viewed from South Bank of the River ThamesAccording to Manning, the extended prison sentence Reggie Kray received after the murder trials made him increasingly paranoid, and Kray eventually came to the idea that Manning was trying to have him killed while they were incarcerated. The men had been having a series of disagreements that revolved around Reggie’s various paranoid ideas, when Reggie decided to take a more direct approach in dealing with Manning.According to Manning, Reggie came into his cell and attacked him one night. Manning called to another inmate for help after trying to first calm Reggie down, then hold him off. Manning told his rescuers that Reggie had gone out of his mind. Manning ended up in the hospital, and Reggie Kray was returned to his cell.Ronnie and Reggie Kray’s grave. Photo by Chingford Edwardx CC BY-SA 4.0Ronnie served out his sentence at Broadmoor Hospital, a high-security psychiatric hospital in Berkshire, England, until his death on March 17, 1995. Reggie remained in prison until August 2000, at which time he was granted a compassionate release because of having terminal cancer.Related Story: Baby Face Nelson – The Real Bad Boy of Prohibition-Era GangstersHe died a little over two months later. Patsy Manning died in October of 2016, and on his death his son published a book that was made up of notes that his father had put together while he was still in prison, outlining his own exploits and various interactions over the years with the Krays.