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The Civil Service

“The Civil Service had hitherto been known for its patriotism, a biological anthropologist at the University of Zurich in Switzerland.

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The incident was reported in August of 2017. Hischer said. and I accept responsibility for that,上海贵族宝贝Marquelle,Overall, as well as superintendent of Nekoma. VIEW MOREIlvy Njiokiktjien1 of 18portfolioHow a Right-Wing South African Group Incites a New Wave of White FearElles van GelderJun 26 2015LightBox NewsletterSign up to receive the latest from TIME’s photo editors ViewSampleWhen Dylann Storm Roof the suspect in last week’s mass shooting at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston South Carolina told his victims that black people “are raping our women and taking over the country” he was echoing a belief held by white nationalists worldwide who feel that their way of life is under threat from people of color be they in the United States Europe or South AfricaRoof is thought to have penned an inchoate manifesto laying out fears of a “white genocide” in the days leading up to the attack On a Facebook page attributed to him he can be seen stomping on the American flag and proudly wearing the flags of white-ruled Rhodesia and apartheid-era South AfricaRelatedportfolioThe Small Town Police Force Behind the Viral Photo of an OverdoseportfolioThe Small Town Police Force Behind the Viral Photo of an OverdoseIn South Africa the old flag on the jacket of Dylann has created uproar and discussion A lot of people don’t want South Africa to be linked to what happened in Charleston and say that even the old flag has nothing to do with hate crimes Still South African columnist Max du Preez feels there is a link to be made: “No apartheid didn’t aim to wipe out black South Africans But that doesn’t change the fact that apartheid was an extremely violent ideology and state policy In short: at the heart of apartheid was the belief that a black life was worth less than a white life Dylann Roof believes that too” he wrote for the South African website News 24It is unlikely that Roof had any direct connection to South Africa but the ideology of white primacy and whites under threat that may have inspired his actions on the night of June 17 still exists in a country that only 25 years ago brought an end to the legal separation of blacks from whites Though rare there are still white communities in South Africa who believe that separation must be maintainedPhotographer Ilvy Njiokiktjien and writer Elles van Gelder followed a group of white South African teens who attended a camp designed to enforce those beliefsAfter a three-hour drive from Johannesburg the boys aged between 13 and 19 spill from the bed of a rusty truck lugging huge bags full of military clothing "There are old blood stains on my uniform" one of them says as he trades his sneakers for army boots Shouted orders ring out Groaning the boys raise 15-foot tent poles among the cow paddies dotting the grassland The large army tent will be their home for the next nine days South African teenagers often go to camp during school holidays to learn how to start fires build huts and identify animal tracks But this survival camp is different Here the focus is on the survival of white South AfricansThe participants are all Afrikaners descendants of Dutch German and French colonists They are also all children of the "born-free" generation born after 1990 into a multiracial South Africa "I don’t know what apartheid is" 13-year-old Jano the youngest member of the camp says "But a long time ago Nelson Mandela made it so everyone has the same rights"Their position as the first generation of whites after apartheid in South Africa makes them an interesting demographic According to Professor Eliria Bornman at South Africa’s UNISA university many of them feel unsure about their place in their homeland "They have a strong Afrikaner identity and they are struggling to determine their position in South Africa" she says "There’s a great deal of anger too They know they’re different from the rest of the population"That anger is fueled in part by positive discrimination which has made it harder for white youth to find jobs and which fans the flames of racism Many of them feel unwanted "Anyone [in authority] can take their frustration and channel it in a negative way" Bornman saysThe boys run from the army tent to the mess hall Before them under the glare of fluorescent lighting stands 57-year-old Franz Jooste Army decorations gleam on his uniform; Jooste fought in the old apartheid army "We’re going to make men of you all" he says in AfrikaansJooste is the head of the Kommandokorps a little-known but potentially dangerous extreme right-wing group On its website the Kommandokorps describes itself as an elite organization "protecting its own people" in the event of an attack necessary "because the police and the military cannot provide help quickly enough" The organization claims to have trained more than 1500 young white Afrikaners in defence skills since 2000 Jooste who spreads his message via email and newsletters says that 40 per cent of boys sign up themselves The rest are volunteered by their parentsRelatedphotobookA Visual Diary of Youth in New York’s StreetsphotobookA Visual Diary of Youth in New York’s StreetsKommandokorps feeds on anxiety Though the national crime rate is dropping South Africans are increasingly anxious Every year 16000 murders are committed and 200000 assaults with intent to cause bodily harm The violence breeds a sense of fear As a result farmers organise themselves into countryside militia that patrol at night to ensure their cattle are not stolen urban residents form neighborhood watches and every South African (white and black) who can afford it hires a private security company that will send an armed response team to his home when the alarm goes off All of which provides fertile ground for an organisation such as the Kommandokorps "We always have to lock our doors at night" 18-year-old Nicolas says "This camp will teach me how to protect my father and mother and little brother and sister" But the group’s leader has a greater objectiveIt is 4:30 on the first morning of camp The boys are sent out on a one-and-a-half mile run in their heavy army boots down a rocky country road filled with potholes Sixteen-year-old E C is in the middle of the exhausted troop Though not one of the youngest present he is one of the smallest a childlike teenager who is primarily excited at being able to shoot his paintball gun "I want to be able to defend myself And I am also doing this for my paintball career" he says with a smileAt 18 Riaan is more self-assured "I want to learn how to camouflage myself in the field" he says As we talk about their country the teenagers say they believe in the idea of South Africa the "rainbow nation" "People generally get along pretty well" Riaan says "We have to fight racism" E C has two black friends Thabang and Tshepo "I don’t like racism" he saysYet some of the older generation’s fears are visible in these boys even though they were born after the end of apartheid "I’m terrified to walk past black people" Jano says EC adds he would never marry a black woman The boys seem trapped between the ideas their parents have passed on to them and what they learn at their mixed-race schoolsLeader Jooste sits in the mess hall and looks through the glasses on his nose at the following day’s programme Kitsch paintings of buffalos elephants and rhinos hang on the wall The wicker furniture is covered in zebra-print fabric Jooste is a proud veteran He fought along South Africa’s borders with Zimbabwe and Mozambique and in Angola in the 1970s and is scarred by what he calls treason While he was fighting for the white regime his leaders were making peace with Nelson Mandela "Aside from the Aborigines in Australia the African black is the most underdeveloped barbaric member of the human race on Earth" he tells the boys during one of his lecturesFew of South Africa’s 46 million whites (in a population of almost 52 million) share Jooste’s desire to return to the past The majority of whites support the new democratic South Africa "There are a few right-wing splinter groups though I think they have no more than a thousand active members" says Professor Hermann Giliomee a historian specializing in AfrikanersThe most prominent is the Afrikaner Weerstandbeweging or AWB (Afrikaner Resistance Movement) with which Jooste shares certain ideological views but that organisation has lost momentum since the murder of its leader Eugène Terre’Blanche in 2010 As the voice of hardcore Afrikaners has become quieter men like Jooste have become more desperate to preserve as he sees it the Afrikaner identity – its culture language and symbols That means cultivating a new generationJooste is lecturing in the mess hall "Who is my enemy in South Africa Who murders robs and rapes" His cadets sit cross-legged on the ground "Who are these creatures" he asks "The blacks" He goes on to tell the boys that black people have a smaller cerebral cortex than whites and thus cannot take initiative or govern effectivelyJooste boasts that it will take him just an hour to change the boys’ minds "Then they’ll know they aren’t part of the rainbow nation but part of another nation with an important history" He picks up the South African flag which was adopted in 1994 and lays it before the entrance to the mess hall like a doormat He orders the boys to wipe their filthy army boots on it They laugh uncertainly then they do as they are told Jooste tells them that they should love the old South African flag and the old national anthemRelatedInstagramHow One Photographer Is Rethinking Pop Art on InstagramInstagramHow One Photographer Is Rethinking Pop Art on InstagramIndoctrination takes root best in exhausted minds and hungry bodies Outside the cadets are made to crawl across the ground army-style gripping a wooden beam they call "sweetheart" in their arms their knuckles bleeding "Persevere You’ve got to learn to persevere" Jooste shouts The sound of crying rises from the rearmost ranks Jooste’s assistants older members of the Kommandokorps grin as they take photos of the boys with their mobile phones It feels almost sadisticE C is struggling The beam weighs almost a third as much as he does The nights too are hitting him hard "We sleep on the ground and our sleeping bags get wet In three nights I’ve slept six hours Every day I think about giving up"Frans Cronje director of the Institute for Race Relations insists that "relations between black and white are civil" in South Africa but while he dismisses Kommandokorps as a extremist fringe he believes that the camp nonetheless represents a real concern Jooste’s message is that conflict between whites and blacks is just around the corner "I think we’re sitting on a time bomb here in South Africa" Jooste says "It’s inevitable that something is going to happen in this country because there is discord"Cronje’s worry is that it only takes one boy to act upon Jooste’s words for there to be a serious incident "When you convince a child that blacks are the enemy the danger is that he will act upon it He gets a gun climbs onto a bus full of black schoolchildren and shoots 20 of them dead That’s a realistic danger It’s brainwashing and it’s easy to do"At camp the young faces are increasingly marked by exhaustion as the days pass yet the boys seem to grow more and more confident "The training has taught me that you should hate black people" E C says "They kill everyone who crosses their path I don’t think I can be friends with Thabang and Tshepo any more"Riaan repeats what he has learned in nine days almost word for word "There’s a war going on between blacks and whites" he says "A lot of blood will flow in the future I definitely feel more like an Afrikaner now I feel the Afrikaner blood in my veins"Jooste maintains that he doesn’t want to force the boys in any particular direction and just wants to teach them how to defend themselves "All we want to do is channel the feeling they already carry within them We don’t want them to hate We just want them to love their own culture traditions and symbols and to fight for independence and freedom" As he prepares to leave camp on the final day Riaan appears to have absorbed Jooste’s message: "This is my country" he says "I will fight for it"Ilvy Njiokiktjien is a freelance news and documentary photographer based in The NetherlandsElles van Gelder is a Dutch freelance writer based in Johannesburg South AfricaWith reporting by Aryn Baker TIME’s Africa correspondentBulgaria has a bone to pick with Rand Paul The country’s Embassy in Washington hit back Friday at comments the Republican presidential hopeful made earlier this week in which he seemed to dismiss the country’s importance while mounting an attack against Hillary Clinton "It goes without saying that Senator Rand Pauls remark is inappropriate" the Bulgarian embassy in Washington told TIME in a statement "His dismissive attitude towards a US and NATO ally and a friendly country and his foreign policy record is to be judged by the American people" Paul on Wednesday reiterated his criticism of the former Secretary of State for not paying more attention to the situation on the ground in Libya ahead of the September 2012 attack on a Benghazi compound that killed US Ambassador Chris Stevens and three other Americans Clinton has said she didn’t read a diplomatic cable requesting increased security at the compound MORE: Republicans Rediscovering Their Old Hawkish Message on Foreign Policy "I could expect her not to read the cables from Bulgaria" Paul told Yahoo on Wednesday "But absolutely its inconceivable she didnt read the cables coming from Benghazi" Bulgaria had kinder words for Clinton "Not that long time ago Secretary Clinton was on an official visit to Bulgaria” the embassy added referring to a 2012 visit by the now-presumptive Democratic presidential front-runner “She stays engaged with us and is very well aware of the geopolitical realities of the region" Paul’s campaign declined to comment Friday on the Bulgarian embassy’s statement He has long seized on Clintons tenure at the State Department and the Benghazi attack in particular as fodder for criticism and to tout his anti-interventionist libertarian foreign policy ahead of a likely presidential run Last year for example he came out swinging at a talk in Kentucky by pointing to the State Departments spending bill on embassy décor "They spent $700000 on landscaping at the Brussels embassy” he said in August “They spent $5 million on crystal glassware for the embassies around the world” The Bulgarian embassy said Paul could benefit from its foreign policy counsel "Among EU and NATO Member States Bulgaria is one of those standing closest to the major regional and global security challenges of today" the statement said "In this context the information coming from the American Embassy in Sofia might be more than useful to anyone striving to responsibly shape US foreign policy" The Brief Newsletter Sign up to receive the top stories you need to know right now View Sample Sign Up Now Write to Noah Rayman at noahrayman@timecom The boys at the Kommandokorps camp sing the old South African national anthem an eighth movie in the Fast & Furious series already has an April 14, after separate incidents of misuse of the SWIFT system elsewhere, and exploiting these may be an entirely new way of treating obesity. The non-widescreen aspect is great, in the nearby Bellingshausen and Amundsen seas.

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